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KBA Mission Statement

Breeding

Unlike cattle, bison can produce calves for 20 years or more.
  • Female bison breed when they are 2 years old and have their first calves when they are 3.
  • Cows can live to be 20 to 25 years old, having a calf each year under the right conditions.
  • The gestation period for the American Bison is 9 1/2 months. Under normal conditions, cows have their calves from mid-April through June. Cows generally have one calf a year, but twins sometimes occur.
  • The calves are small when born, normally weighing between 25 to 35 pounds. Although small, these little critters are tough and are up walking and running with their mothers within a couple of hours.
  • Cows are protective of their young. They leave the herd to have their calves and then remain away from the herd for between six hours to several days.
  • Bison calves are normally weaned when they are around 6 months old. By then, the females generally weigh around 350 pounds and males weigh 425 pounds.
  • Under range conditions, bison cows seldom have calving problems.
  • The bull-to-cow ratio for bison is approximately one bull per 15 cows.
  • Buffalo have not been successfully artificially inseminated on a consistent basis.
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